Use as a Tool of Press Propaganda In Dardanel War: Harp Mecmuası Example
Yrd. Doç. Dr. Cafer Ulu
Namık Kemal Üniversitesi
Propaganda is a practice that is used by many states for manipulating the public opinion. The party of Union and Progress used this practice as well. For this purpose, they issued a journal by the favour of government with the name War Journal for engaging in propaganda activities during the First World War.
They used photographs and visual materials intensively in their propaganda activities. Hundreds of photographs including especially the victories achieved in the Çanakkale (Gallipoli) Front, captured soldiers, grabbed weapons etc. and tens of articles written in such subjects were published in this journal. In the publications of War Journal, the subjects reflecting the heroic feelings of people came up, such as motherland, nation, flag, heroism, self sacrifice and the virtues of martyrdom. All these works were done for elevating the soldiers fighting in fronts and the people waiting for soldiers to come back. Even it seems sympathetic as substance at first sight; the publications were only composed of unreal and deceptive propagandas.
Keywords: Union and Progress, War Journal, Press, the First World War, Propaganda
This contribution" The Turkish Yearbook of Çanakkale Studies, Year: 10 Spring 2012 Number: 12, ss. 61-83"